What is an Acquired Brain Injury?

Jan 18, 2021 11:30 AM ET

iCrowdNewswire   Jan 18, 2021  6:30 AM ET

Brain Injuries can occur for various reasons. Acquired brain injuries are brain damages that take place after birth. Acquired brain injuries are any type of brain damages due to infection, diseases, lack of nutrition, lack of oxygen, or even being hurt.

The outcome of ABI can cause a change in brain functions such as:

  • It can change the brains neuronal activity
  • The change in neuronal activity affects the physical integrity
  • It affects metabolic activity
  • The functional ability of nerve cells in the brain also changes

Types of acquired brain injury

There are two types of acquired brain injury traumatic and non-traumatic brain injury. Here we will discuss the two types of acquired brain injury in brief.

Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injury or TBI is a type of brain damage that causes an alteration in brain function due to external force such as a bump, blow, or jolt to the head, or penetrating head injury.

Some of the essential examples of traumatic brain injuries are

  • Falls
  • Assaults
  • Any vehicle accidents
  • Sports injuries

Non-Traumatic Brain Injury

Non-traumatic brain injuries are also referred to as acquired brain injury. A non-traumatic injury is brain damages that occur due to external factors such as

  • Lack of oxygen
  • Exposure to toxins
  • Pressure from a tumor

These external factors can take place due to

  • Stroke
  • Near-drowning
  • Aneurysm
  • Tumor
  • An infectious disease that affects the brain, for example, meningitis
  • Lack of oxygen supply to the brain, for example, heart attack

After ABI changes

The result of an ABI causes some changes, and these changes are:

  • Altered sensory abilities ( impaired vision, touch, smell )
  • Medical difficulties – (epilepsy)
  • Altered behavior and personality ( short-tempered, lethargic, flat or depressed)
  • Impaired physical abilities – (weakness, tremor, spasticity)
  • Impaired ability to communicate ( slow or slurred speech, difficulty following conversation)
  • Impaired ability to think and learn ( forgetful, insufficient attention)


The recovery of ABI can vary from person to person. People with a better recovery system may have early recovery. It also depends on the level of damage that occurred at the place of injury in the brain.

It can cause permanent damage or temporary damage. It can be easy-going damage that the doctors may have to deal with a single organ. Or, it can also be more widespread damage where other organs are also involved. Hence the damage of ABI can only be determined after a thorough diagnosis.

People may find the result of the brain injury’s effects varied from time to time. Some people would face problems such as long-term behavioral changes, learning disabilities, and difficulties in thinking.  These thinking and learning problems can be challenging for other people to figure out.

That is the main reason why you will require professional help. A doctor can diagnose all the issues and slow move forward to the recovery process. The patient will need medical support and also mental support.


After a consultation with the doctor, an ABI patient may have to go through several tests such as x-rays and CT brain scans to determine what is wrong.

Then after finding out the issues, the doctor will prescribe some medicines and therapy for the treatment. But, the best treatment comes from the family members. ABI patients are sensitive and emotionally vulnerable. This may cause the family to have a lot of pressure, but they should keep up with it.

It will help if family members:

  • Have useful data and information about ABI
  • Accept and understand the recovery process is slow
  • Stay alert about the difficulties that will be encountered

Where to get help?

  • Family doctor
  • Neurologist
  • Psychologist

Accident claims for ABI

ABI can occur due to car accidents. In that case, it is best to claim compensation. An ABI is such a kind of issue that it takes a long time to recover. Without a fair settlement, it will get challenging to get over this.

You will need to consult with an expert and experienced injury lawyer. If you are living in Edmonton, then you can contact the Injury Lawyer of Edmonton.

Are ABI and intellectual disabilities the same?

There are certainly some similarities between ABI and intellectual disabilities, but these two are not the same. ABI is considered to be a discreet disability. People with ABI can regain their brain functions in terms of intellectual disabilities.

A person with ABI faces problems with communicating their thoughts, coordination, and controls. People can recover time and regain some of their lost abilities for the injury in the brain. It may take the time or not, but it does improve with time.

Final Word

Thousands of people suffer from ABI all over the world. Sometimes family members of an ABI patient wouldn’t know what the steps to take are; hence, we present this article about an acquired brain injury and the steps to take if it happens to your loved ones. We hope all of this information was helpful to you. Have a good day, and live healthily.